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Americold Realty Trust Announces First Quarter 2020 Results

May 07, 2020

ATLANTA--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Americold Realty Trust (NYSE: COLD) (the “Company”), the world’s largest publicly traded REIT focused on the ownership, operation, acquisition and development of temperature-controlled warehouses, today announced financial and operating results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2020.

Fred Boehler, President and Chief Executive Officer of Americold Realty Trust, stated, “The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the strength and resiliency of our mission-critical infrastructure, business and Associates. For the first quarter 2020, we delivered total company revenue growth and NOI growth of 23.1% and 37.2%, respectively. This growth was driven by our core warehouse segment, which demonstrated our important role in the food supply chain, the diversity of the food commodities and channels our network serves, the benefit of our strategic acquisitions, and our entire Americold team’s extraordinary efforts. Within our warehouse segment, we delivered same store revenue and NOI growth of 6.8% and 11.1%, highlighting our disciplined execution through the initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, where we saw higher occupancy and greater throughput across the network.”

Mr. Boehler continued, “Looking ahead, we believe we are well positioned, due to the stability of the demand drivers that underpin our business, the diversity of our customer base, and the flexibility of our network and people to respond to shifting consumer demand. Our 183 facilities serve as an indispensable part of the infrastructure that serves the food supply chain. However, we expect that the surge in demand we have seen will normalize, and given that the impacts from COVID-19 are not fully known, we remain supportive of our customers who are adapting to changing market conditions. Furthermore, our flexible balance sheet provides a foundation to support and finance Americold’s ongoing growth. Our recently completed refinancing expanded our total liquidity, including cash, revolver availability and equity forwards, to approximately $1.2 billion. Finally, we are focused on the health and safety of our team and their families, and would like to express our gratitude to all of our associates at our warehouses and behind the scenes who are committed each day to help ensure continuity in the food supply.”

First Quarter 2020 Highlights

  • Total revenue increased 23.1% to $484.1 million for the first quarter 2020.
  • Total NOI increased 37.2% to $135.4 million for the first quarter 2020.
  • Core EBITDA increased 46.5% to $104.1 million, or 47.8% on a constant currency basis, for the first quarter 2020.
  • Net income of $23.5 million, or $0.11 per diluted common share for the first quarter 2020.
  • Core FFO of $60.1 million, or $0.29 per diluted common share for the first quarter 2020.
  • AFFO of $67.2 million, or $0.33 per diluted common share for the first quarter 2020.
  • Global Warehouse segment revenue increased 31.6% to $381.1 million for the first quarter 2020.
  • Global Warehouse segment NOI increased 39.6% to $126.8 million for the first quarter 2020.
  • Global Warehouse segment same store revenue grew 5.0%, or 6.8% on a constant currency basis, with same store segment NOI improving 9.8%, or 11.1% on a constant currency basis for the first quarter 2020.
  • Completed the acquisitions of Nova Cold for CAD $338.6 million and Newport for $57.1 million, both on January 2, 2020.
  • Completed a minority investment in a joint venture with Brazil-based, Superfrio.
  • Completed the refinancing of the Senior Unsecured Credit Facility during the first quarter of 2020, increasing capacity to approximately $1.4 billion, extending final maturity to 2025 and reducing the credit spread by five basis points.

First Quarter 2020 Total Company Financial Results

Total revenue for the first quarter of 2020 was $484.1 million, a 23.1% increase from the same quarter of the prior year. This growth was driven by the incremental revenue from the 2019 and 2020 acquisitions, the initial increase in activity related to COVID-19, contractual rate escalations and growth in fixed commitment storage contracts. These factors were partially offset by the translation impact of the strengthening US dollar.

For the first quarter of 2020, the Company reported net income of $23.5 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, compared to net loss of $4.6 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the same quarter of the prior year.

Total NOI for the first quarter of 2020 was $135.4 million, an increase of 37.2% from the same quarter of the prior year.

Core EBITDA was $104.1 million for the first quarter of 2020, compared to $71.1 million for the same quarter of the prior year. This reflects a 46.5% increase over prior year, or 47.8% on a constant currency basis, largely impacted by increased Core EBITDA from acquisitions and organic growth. Core EBITDA margin increased by 343 basis points to 21.5%. This growth and margin improvement was driven by the previously discussed items combined with disciplined cost controls through the Americold Operating System of power and labor-related costs, partially offset by the translation impact of the strengthening US dollar, and incremental costs incurred in response to COVID-19 including sanitation, supplies and inefficiencies resulting from social distancing requirements.

For the first quarter of 2020, Core FFO was $60.1 million, or $0.29 per diluted share, compared to $39.9 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, for same quarter of the prior year. The year-over-year increase is driven primarily by increased FFO as a result of acquisitions and the operating performance described above.

For the first quarter of 2020, AFFO was $67.2 million, or $0.33 per diluted share, compared to $44.3 million, or $0.29 per diluted share, for same quarter of the prior year. AFFO excludes certain expenses and income items that do not represent core expenses and income streams.

Please see the Company’s supplemental financial information for the definitions and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP financial measures.

First Quarter 2020 Global Warehouse Segment Results

For the first quarter of 2020, Global Warehouse segment revenue was $381.1 million, an increase of $91.5 million, or 31.6%, compared to $289.6 million for the first quarter of 2019. This growth was driven by the incremental revenue from the 2019 and 2020 acquisitions as well as the same revenue growth factors mentioned above.

Warehouse segment NOI was $126.8 million for the first quarter of 2020, which reflects growth of 39.6%. Global Warehouse segment margin was 33.3% for the first quarter of 2020, an 191 basis point increase compared to the same quarter of the prior year. The year-over-year growth was driven by incremental NOI from the 2019 and 2020 acquisitions, the previously mentioned revenue trends, cost controls through the Americold Operating System of our power and labor-related costs, partially offset by the translation impact of the strengthening US dollar, the incremental costs incurred in response to COVID-19 including sanitation, supplies and inefficiencies resulting from social distancing requirements.

The following tables summarize the global warehouse and same store financial results and metrics for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Change

Dollars in thousands

2020 actual

 

2020 constant
currency(1)

 

2019 actual

 

Actual

 

Constant
currency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL WAREHOUSE SEGMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of total warehouses

 

172

 

 

 

 

144

 

n/a

 

n/a

Global Warehouse revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rent and storage

$

 

162,308

 

 

$

 

163,990

 

 

$

 

126,380

 

 

28.4

%

 

29.8

%

Warehouse services

 

218,760

 

 

 

222,219

 

 

 

163,235

 

 

34.0

%

 

36.1

%

Total revenue

$

 

381,068

 

 

$

 

386,209

 

 

$

 

289,615

 

 

31.6

%

 

33.4

%

Global Warehouse contribution (NOI)

$

 

126,773

 

 

$

 

127,958

 

 

$

 

90,819

 

 

39.6

%

 

40.9

%

Global Warehouse margin

 

33.3

%

 

 

33.1

%

 

 

31.4

%

 

191 bps

 

177 bps

Units in thousands except per pallet data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Global Warehouse rent and storage metrics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average economic occupied pallets

 

3,256

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

2,507

 

 

29.9

%

 

n/a

Average physical occupied pallets

 

3,049

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

2,374

 

 

28.4

%

 

n/a

Average physical pallet positions

 

4,007

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

3,182

 

 

25.9

%

 

n/a

Economic occupancy percentage

 

81.3

%

 

 

n/a

 

 

78.8

%

 

247 bps

 

n/a

Physical occupancy percentage

 

76.1

%

 

 

n/a

 

 

74.6

%

 

148 bps

 

n/a

Total rent and storage revenue per economic occupied pallet

$

 

49.84

 

 

$

 

50.36

 

 

$

 

50.41

 

 

(1.1

)%

 

(0.1

)%

Total rent and storage revenue per physical occupied pallet

$

 

53.24

 

 

$

 

53.79

 

 

$

 

53.24

 

 

%

 

1.0

%

Global Warehouse services metrics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Throughput pallets

 

8,199

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

6,522

 

 

25.7

%

 

n/a

Total warehouse services revenue per throughput pallet

$

 

26.68

 

 

$

 

27.10

 

 

$

 

25.03

 

 

6.6

%

 

8.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAME STORE WAREHOUSE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of same store warehouses

 

136

 

 

 

 

136

 

n/a

 

n/a

Global Warehouse same store revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rent and storage

$

 

125,875

 

 

$

 

127,446

 

 

$

 

120,550

 

 

4.4

%

 

5.7

%

Warehouse services

 

165,988

 

 

 

169,390

 

 

 

157,507

 

 

5.4

%

 

7.5

%

Total same store revenue

$

 

291,863

 

 

$

 

296,836

 

 

$

 

278,057

 

 

5.0

%

 

6.8

%

Global Warehouse same store contribution (NOI)

$

 

97,248

 

 

$

 

98,390

 

 

$

 

88,565

 

 

9.8

%

 

11.1

%

Global Warehouse same store margin

 

33.3

%

 

 

33.1

%

 

 

31.9

%

 

147 bps

 

129 bps

Units in thousands except per pallet data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Global Warehouse same store rent and storage metrics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average economic occupied pallets

 

2,490

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

2,391

 

 

4.1

%

 

n/a

Average physical occupied pallets

 

2,305

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

2,266

 

 

1.7

%

 

n/a

Average physical pallet positions

 

3,044

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

3,049

 

 

(0.2

)%

 

n/a

Economic occupancy percentage

 

81.8

%

 

 

n/a

 

 

78.4

%

 

337 bps

 

n/a

Physical occupancy percentage

 

75.7

%

 

 

n/a

 

 

74.3

%

 

140 bps

 

n/a

Same store rent and storage revenue per economic occupied pallet

$

 

50.55

 

 

$

 

51.18

 

 

$

 

50.42

 

 

0.3

%

 

1.5

%

Same store rent and storage revenue per physical occupied pallet

$

 

54.60

 

 

$

 

55.28

 

 

$

 

53.20

 

 

2.6

%

 

3.9

%

Global Warehouse same store services metrics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Throughput pallets

 

6,467

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

6,296

 

 

2.7

%

 

n/a

Same store warehouse services revenue per throughput pallet

$

 

25.67

 

 

$

 

26.19

 

 

$

 

25.02

 

 

2.6

%

 

4.7

%

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Change

Dollars in thousands

2020 actual

 

2020 constant
currency(1)

 

2019 actual

 

Actual

 

Constant
currency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NON-SAME STORE WAREHOUSE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of non-same store warehouses

 

36

 

 

 

 

8

 

n/a

 

n/a

Global Warehouse non-same store revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rent and storage

$

 

36,433

 

 

$

 

36,544

 

 

$

 

5,830

 

 

n/r

 

n/r

Warehouse services

 

52,772

 

 

 

52,829

 

 

 

5,728

 

 

n/r

 

n/r

Total non-same store revenue

$

 

89,205

 

 

$

 

89,373

 

 

$

 

11,558

 

 

n/r

 

n/r

Global Warehouse non-same store contribution (NOI)

$

 

29,525

 

 

$

 

29,568

 

 

$

 

2,254

 

 

n/r

 

n/r

Global Warehouse non-same store margin

 

33.1

%

 

 

33.1

%

 

 

19.5

%

 

n/r

 

n/r

Units in thousands except per pallet data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Global Warehouse non-same store rent and storage metrics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average economic occupied pallets

 

766

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

116

 

 

n/r

 

n/a

Average physical occupied pallets

 

743

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

108

 

 

n/r

 

n/a

Average physical pallet positions

 

962

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

133

 

 

n/r

 

n/a

Economic occupancy percentage

 

79.6

%

 

 

n/a

 

 

87.2

%

 

n/r

 

n/a

Physical occupancy percentage

 

77.2

%

 

 

n/a

 

 

81.2

%

 

n/r

 

n/a

Non-same store rent and storage revenue per economic occupied pallet

$

 

47.57

 

 

$

 

47.71

 

 

$

 

50.25

 

 

(5.3

)%

 

(5.1

)%

Non-same store rent and storage revenue per physical occupied pallet

$

 

49.01

 

 

$

 

49.16

 

 

$

 

54.00

 

 

(9.2

)%

 

(9.0

)%

Global Warehouse non-same store services metrics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Throughput pallets

 

1,732

 

 

 

n/a

 

 

225

 

 

n/r

 

n/a

Non-same store warehouse services revenue per throughput pallet

$

 

30.47

 

 

$

 

30.51

 

 

$

 

25.45

 

 

19.7

%

 

19.9

%

(1)

The adjustments from our U.S. GAAP operating results to calculate our operating results on a constant currency basis are the effect of changes in foreign currency exchange rates relative to the comparable prior period.

(n/a = not applicable)
(n/r = not relevant)

Fixed Commitment Rent and Storage Revenue

As of March 31, 2020, $258.5 million of the Company’s annualized rent and storage revenue were derived from customers with fixed commitment storage contracts. This compares to $251.1 million at the end of the fourth quarter of 2019 and $221.6 million at the end of the first quarter of 2019. The Company’s recent acquisitions had a lower percentage of fixed committed contracts as a percentage of rent and storage revenue. On a combined pro forma basis, assuming a full twelve months of acquisitions revenue, 40.1% of rent and storage revenue were generated from fixed commitment storage contracts.

Economic and Physical Occupancy

Contracts that contain fixed commitments are designed to ensure the Company’s customers have space available when needed. For the first quarter of 2020, economic occupancy for the total warehouse segment was 81.3% and warehouse segment same store pool was 81.8%, representing a 518 basis point and 607 basis point increase above physical occupancy, respectively. For the first quarter of 2020, physical occupancy for the total warehouse segment was 76.1% and warehouse segment same store pool was 75.7%.

Real Estate Portfolio

As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s portfolio consists of 183 facilities, five more than what was reported as of the year ended 2019. The Company ended the first quarter of 2020 with 172 facilities in its Global Warehouse segment portfolio and 11 facilities in its Third-party managed segment. During the first quarter, the Company acquired four sites from the Nova Cold acquisition and one site from the Newport acquisition, all of which were added to the non-same store category. The same store population consists of 136 facilities for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The remaining 36 non-same store Warehouse facilities include the 31 facilities that were acquired since the beginning of 2019, and five legacy facilities.

Balance Sheet Activity and Liquidity

At March 31, 2020, the Company had total liquidity of approximately $1.2 billion, including cash and capacity on its revolving credit facility and $135.1 million of net proceeds available from its September 2018 equity forward. Total debt outstanding was $2.0 billion (inclusive of $177.2 million of financing leases/sale lease-backs and exclusive of unamortized deferred financing fees), of which 77% was in an unsecured structure. The Company has no material debt maturities until 2023. At quarter end, its net debt to pro forma Core EBITDA was approximately 4.2x. Of the Company’s total debt outstanding, $1.8 billion relates to real estate debt, which excludes sale-leaseback and capitalized lease obligations. The Company’s real estate debt has a remaining weighted average term of 6.5 years and carries a weighted average contractual interest rate of 3.89%. As of March 31, 2020, 86% of the Company’s total debt outstanding was at a fixed rate, inclusive of interest rate swaps.

Dividend

On March 5, 2020, the Company’s Board of Trustees declared a dividend of $0.21 per share for the first quarter of 2020, which was paid on April 15, 2020 to common shareholders of record as of March 31, 2020.

2020 Outlook

The Company is maintaining its AFFO per share guidance of $1.22 to $1.30 for 2020. However, certain components are updated as follows:

  • Current income tax expense of $8 to $10 million.
  • Deferred income tax benefit of $2 to $3 million.
  • Please refer to its supplemental for currency translation rates embedded in this guidance.

The Company’s guidance is provided for informational purposes based on current plans and assumptions as is subject to change. The ranges for these metrics do not include the impact of acquisitions, dispositions, or capital markets activity beyond that which has been previously announced.

Investor Webcast and Conference Call

The Company will hold a webcast and conference call on Thursday, May 7, 2020 at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time to discuss first quarter 2020 results. A live webcast of the call will be available via the Investors section of Americold Realty Trust’s website at www.americold.com. To listen to the live webcast, please go to the site at least five minutes prior to the scheduled start time in order to register, download and install any necessary audio software. Shortly after the call, a replay of the webcast will be available for 90 days on the Company’s website.

The conference call can also be accessed by dialing 1-877-407-3982 or 1-201-493-6780. The telephone replay can be accessed by dialing 1-844-512-2921 or 1-412-317-6671 and providing the conference ID# 13701724. The telephone replay will be available starting shortly after the call until May 21, 2020.

The Company’s supplemental package will be available prior to the conference call in the Investors section of the Company’s website at http://ir.americold.com.

About the Company

Americold is the world’s largest publicly traded REIT focused on the ownership, operation, acquisition and development of temperature-controlled warehouses. Based in Atlanta, Georgia, Americold owns and operates 183 temperature-controlled warehouses, with over 1 billion refrigerated cubic feet of storage, in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Argentina. Americold’s facilities are an integral component of the supply chain connecting food producers, processors, distributors and retailers to consumers.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release contains non-GAAP financial measures, including FFO, core FFO, AFFO, EBITDAre, Core EBITDA and same store segment revenue and contribution. A reconciliation from U.S. GAAP net income (loss) available to common shareholders to FFO, a reconciliation from FFO to core FFO and AFFO, and definitions of FFO, and core FFO are included within the supplemental. A reconciliation from U.S. GAAP net income (loss) available to common shareholders to EBITDAre and Core EBITDA, a definition of Core EBITDA and definitions of net debt to Core EBITDA are included within the supplemental.

Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains statements about future events and expectations that constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future financial and operating performance and growth plans, taking into account the information currently available to us. These statements are not statements of historical fact. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations of future results we express or imply in any forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on such statements. Factors that could contribute to these differences include the following: adverse economic or real estate developments in our geographic markets or the temperature-controlled warehouse industry; general economic conditions; uncertainties and risks related to natural disasters, global climate change and public health crises, including the recent and ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; risks associated with the ownership of real estate and temperature-controlled warehouses in particular; defaults or non-renewals of contracts with customers; potential bankruptcy or insolvency of our customers; or the inability of our customers to otherwise perform under their contracts, including as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; uncertainty of revenues, given the nature of our customer contracts; increased interest rates and operating costs, including as a result of the recent and ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; our failure to obtain necessary outside financing; risks related to, or restrictions contained in, our debt financings; decreased storage rates or increased vacancy rates; risks related to current and potential international operations and properties; our failure to realize the intended benefits from our recent acquisitions including synergies, or disruptions to our plans and operations or unknown or contingent liabilities related to our recent acquisitions; our failure to successfully integrate and operate acquired properties or businesses, including but not limited to: Cloverleaf Cold Storage, Lanier Cold Storage, MHW Group, Inc., Nova Cold Logistics, Newport Cold Storage and PortFresh Holdings, LLC; acquisition risks, including the failure of such acquisitions to perform in accordance with projections; risks related to expansions of existing properties and developments of new properties, including failure to meet budgeted or stabilized returns within expected time frames, or at all, in respect thereof; difficulties in expanding our operations into new markets, including international markets; risks related to the partial ownership of properties, including as a result of our lack of control over such investments and the failure of such entities to perform in accordance with projections; our failure to maintain our status as a REIT; our Operating Partnership’s failure to qualify as a partnership for federal income tax purposes; possible environmental liabilities, including costs, fines or penalties that may be incurred due to necessary remediation of contamination of properties presently or previously owned by us; financial market fluctuations; actions by our competitors and their increasing ability to compete with us; labor and power costs; changes in real estate and zoning laws and increases in real property tax rates; the competitive environment in which we operate; our relationship with our employees, including the occurrence of any work stoppages or any disputes under our collective bargaining agreements and employment related litigation; liabilities as a result of our participation in multi-employer pension plans; losses in excess of our insurance coverage; the cost and time requirements as a result of our operation as a publicly traded REIT; changes in foreign currency exchange rates; the impact of anti-takeover provisions in our constituent documents and under Maryland law, which could make an acquisition of us more difficult, limit attempts by our shareholders to replace our trustees and affect the price of our common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share, of our common shares; the potential dilutive effect of our common share offerings; and risks related to any forward sale agreement, including the forward sale agreement we entered into with an affiliate of BofA Securities, Inc. in September 2018, as amended, or the 2018 forward sale agreement, including substantial dilution to our earnings per share or substantial cash payment obligations.

Words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “continues,” “estimates,” “expects,” “goal,” “objectives,” “intends,” “may,” “opportunity,” “plans,” “potential,” “near-term,” “long-term,” “projections,” “assumptions,” “projects,” “guidance,” “forecasts,” “outlook,” “target,” “trends,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “will” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements included in this document include, among others, statements about our expected acquisition and expected expansion and development pipeline and our targeted return on invested capital on expansion and development opportunities. We qualify any forward-looking statements entirely by these cautionary factors. Other risks, uncertainties and factors, including those discussed under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and in our Form 8-K filed April 16, 2020, could cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements we make. We assume no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements for any reason, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.

Americold Realty Trust and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

(In thousands, except shares and per share amounts)

 

March 31, 2020

 

December 31, 2019

Assets

 

 

 

Property, buildings and equipment:

 

 

 

Land

$

 

515,744

 

 

$

 

526,226

 

Buildings and improvements

 

2,835,697

 

 

 

2,696,732

 

Machinery and equipment

 

859,709

 

 

 

817,617

 

Assets under construction

 

102,919

 

 

 

108,639

 

 

 

4,314,069

 

 

 

4,149,214

 

Accumulated depreciation and depletion

 

(1,251,666

)

 

 

(1,216,553

)

Property, buildings and equipment – net

 

3,062,403

 

 

 

2,932,661

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

73,231

 

 

 

77,723

 

Accumulated depreciation – operating leases

 

(20,805

)

 

 

(18,110

)

Operating leases – net

 

52,426

 

 

 

59,613

 

 

 

 

 

Financing leases:

 

 

 

Buildings and improvements

 

15,885

 

 

 

11,227

 

Machinery and equipment

 

79,844

 

 

 

76,811

 

 

 

95,729

 

 

 

88,038

 

Accumulated depreciation – financing leases

 

(32,809

)

 

 

(29,697

)

Financing leases – net

 

62,920

 

 

 

58,341

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

262,955

 

 

 

234,303

 

Restricted cash

 

6,222

 

 

 

6,310

 

Accounts receivable – net of allowance of $7,426 and $6,927 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

216,819

 

 

 

214,842

 

Identifiable intangible assets – net

 

355,613

 

 

 

284,758

 

Goodwill

 

378,152

 

 

 

318,483

 

Investments in partially owned entities

 

23,041

 

 

 

Other assets

 

82,841

 

 

 

61,372

 

Total assets

$

 

4,503,392

 

 

$

 

4,170,683

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

Borrowings under revolving line of credit

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

341,113

 

 

 

350,963

 

Mortgage notes, senior unsecured notes and term loans – net of unamortized deferred financing costs of $14,976 and $12,996, in the aggregate, at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

1,818,869

 

 

 

1,695,447

 

Sale-leaseback financing obligations

 

114,893

 

 

 

115,759

 

Financing lease obligations

 

62,289

 

 

 

58,170

 

Operating lease obligations

 

55,097

 

 

 

62,342

 

Unearned revenue

 

17,118

 

 

 

16,423

 

Pension and postretirement benefits

 

11,877

 

 

 

12,706

 

Deferred tax liability – net

 

52,776

 

 

 

17,119

 

Multiemployer pension plan withdrawal liability

 

8,684

 

 

 

8,736

 

Total liabilities

 

2,482,716

 

 

 

2,337,665

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

Common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value – authorized 325,000,000 and 250,000,000 shares; 200,265,965 and 191,799,909 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

2,003

 

 

 

1,918

 

Paid-in capital

 

2,818,389

 

 

 

2,582,087

 

Accumulated deficit and distributions in excess of net earnings

 

(756,418

)

 

 

(736,861

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(43,298

)

 

 

(14,126

)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

2,020,676

 

 

 

1,833,018

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

 

4,503,392

 

 

$

 

4,170,683

 

Americold Realty Trust and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

2020

 

2019

Revenues:

 

 

 

Rent, storage and warehouse services

$

 

381,068

 

 

$

 

289,615

 

Third-party managed services

 

64,921

 

 

 

64,136

 

Transportation services

 

35,917

 

 

 

37,096

 

Other

 

2,163

 

 

 

2,232

 

Total revenues

 

484,069

 

 

 

393,079

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

Rent, storage and warehouse services cost of operations

 

254,295

 

 

 

198,796

 

Third-party managed services cost of operations

 

61,152

 

 

 

60,877

 

Transportation services cost of operations

 

31,112

 

 

 

32,740

 

Cost of operations related to other revenues

 

2,108

 

 

 

1,988

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

51,604

 

 

 

30,096

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

36,893

 

 

 

31,117

 

Acquisition, litigation and other

 

1,688

 

 

 

8,493

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

 

 

12,555

 

Gain from sale of real estate

 

(2,461

)

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

436,391

 

 

 

376,662

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

47,678

 

 

 

16,417

 

 

 

 

 

Other (expense) income:

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(23,870

)

 

 

(21,576

)

Interest income

 

587

 

 

 

1,003

 

Loss on debt extinguishment and modifications

 

(781

)

 

 

Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain, net

 

(492

)

 

 

60

 

Other income (expense), net

 

871

 

 

 

(167

)

(Loss) income from investments in partially owned entities

 

(27

)

 

 

122

 

Income (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit

 

23,966

 

 

 

(4,141

)

Income tax (expense) benefit:

 

 

 

Current

 

(2,557

)

 

 

(1,548

)

Deferred

 

2,102

 

 

 

1,060

 

Total income tax expense

 

(455

)

 

 

(488

)

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

 

23,511

 

 

$

 

(4,629

)

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic

 

200,707

 

 

 

149,404

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted

 

203,783

 

 

 

149,404

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per common share of beneficial interest - basic

$

 

0.12

 

 

$

 

(0.03

)

Net income (loss) per common share of beneficial interest - diluted

$

 

0.11

 

 

$

 

(0.03

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to NAREIT FFO, Core FFO, and AFFO

(In thousands, except per share amounts - unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended

 

Q1 20

Q4 19

Q3 19

Q2 19

Q1 19

Net income (loss)

$

 

23,511

 

$

 

20,809

 

$

 

27,091

 

$

 

4,891

 

$

 

(4,629

)

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate related depreciation and depletion

 

35,442

 

 

32,555

 

 

31,238

 

 

28,518

 

 

22,665

 

Net (gain) loss on sale of real estate, net of withholding taxes

 

(2,096

)

 

 

 

34

 

 

Net loss on asset disposals

 

 

237

 

 

7

 

 

 

138

 

Impairment charges on certain real estate assets

 

 

 

 

 

12,555

 

Real estate depreciation on partially owned entities

 

34

 

 

 

232

 

 

269

 

 

289

 

NAREIT Funds from operations

$

 

56,891

 

$

 

53,601

 

$

 

58,568

 

$

 

33,712

 

$

 

31,018

 

Less distributions on preferred shares of beneficial interest

 

 

 

 

 

Funds from operations attributable to common shareholders

$

 

56,891

 

$

 

53,601

 

$

 

58,568

 

$

 

33,712

 

$

 

31,018

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

Net (gain) loss on sale of non-real estate assets

 

(165

)

 

227

 

 

212

 

 

167

 

 

(118

)

Non-real estate impairment

 

 

 

 

930

 

 

Acquisition, litigation and other expenses

 

1,688

 

 

10,377

 

 

3,780

 

 

17,964

 

 

8,493

 

Share-based compensation expense, IPO grants

 

373

 

 

492

 

 

777

 

 

556

 

 

607

 

Bridge loan commitment fees

 

 

 

 

2,665

 

 

Loss on debt extinguishment and modifications

 

781

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency exchange loss (gain)

 

492

 

 

(76

)

 

43

 

 

83

 

 

(60

)

Gain from sale of partially owned entities

 

 

 

(4,297

)

 

 

Core FFO applicable to common shareholders

$

 

60,060

 

$

 

64,621

 

$

 

59,083

 

$

 

56,077

 

$

 

39,940

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs and pension withdrawal liability

 

1,546

 

 

1,524

 

 

1,526

 

 

1,522

 

 

1,456

 

Amortization of below/above market leases

 

76

 

 

37

 

 

38

 

 

38

 

 

38

 

Straight-line net rent

 

(109

)

 

(83

)

 

(150

)

 

(151

)

 

(137

)

Deferred income tax (benefit) expense

 

(2,102

)

 

1,520

 

 

(7,809

)

 

(3,352

)

 

(1,060

)

Share-based compensation expense, excluding IPO grants

 

3,934

 

 

3,210

 

 

2,593

 

 

2,628

 

 

2,032

 

Non-real estate depreciation and amortization

 

16,162

 

 

15,194

 

 

13,828

 

 

11,919

 

 

7,431

 

Non-real estate depreciation and amortization on partially owned entities

 

22

 

 

 

108

 

 

107

 

 

102

 

Recurring maintenance capital expenditures (a)

 

(12,438

)

 

(26,307

)

 

(16,772

)

 

(10,734

)

 

(5,487

)

Adjusted FFO applicable to common shareholders

$

 

67,151

 

$

 

59,716

 

$

 

52,445

 

$

 

58,054

 

$

 

44,315

 

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to NAREIT FFO, Core FFO, and AFFO (continued)

(In thousands except per share amounts - unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended

 

Q1 20

Q4 19

Q3 19

Q2 19

Q1 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAREIT Funds from operations

$

 

56,891

 

$

 

53,601

 

$

 

58,568

 

$

 

33,712

 

$

 

31,018

 

Core FFO applicable to common shareholders

 

60,060

 

 

64,621

 

 

59,083

 

 

56,077

 

 

39,940

 

Adjusted FFO applicable to common shareholders

$

 

67,151

 

$

 

59,716

 

$

 

52,445

 

$

 

58,054

 

$

 

44,315

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of weighted average shares:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average basic shares for net income calculation

 

200,707

 

 

192,393

 

 

192,325

 

 

182,325

 

 

149,404

 

Dilutive stock options, unvested restricted stock units, equity forward contract

 

3,076

 

 

5,529

 

 

5,038

 

 

3,792

 

 

3,041

 

Weighted average dilutive shares

 

203,783

 

 

197,922

 

 

197,363

 

 

186,117

 

 

152,445

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAREIT FFO - basic per share

$

 

0.28

 

$

 

0.28

 

$

 

0.30

 

$

 

0.18

 

$

 

0.21

 

NAREIT FFO - diluted per share

 

0.28

 

 

0.27

 

 

0.30

 

 

0.18

 

 

0.20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core FFO - basic per share

 

0.30

 

 

0.34

 

 

0.31

 

 

0.31

 

 

0.27

 

Core FFO - diluted per share

 

0.29

 

 

0.33

 

 

0.30

 

 

0.30

 

 

0.26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted FFO - basic per share

 

0.33

 

 

0.31

 

 

0.27

 

 

0.32

 

 

0.30

 

Adjusted FFO - diluted per share

 

0.33

 

 

0.30

 

 

0.27

 

 

0.31

 

 

0.29

 

(a)

Refer to Acquisition, Litigation and Other summary for further details. The 2018 total excludes the $2.1 million RSU modification charge that is included within the Acquisition, litigation and other financial statement line item, thus amounts do not tie in total.

(a)

Recurring maintenance capital expenditures include capital expenditures made to extend the life of, and provide future economic benefit from, our existing temperature-controlled warehouse network and its existing supporting personal property and information technology.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA, NAREIT EBITDAre, and Core EBITDA

(In thousands - unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Trailing
Twelve
Months
Ended

 

Q1 20

Q4 19

Q3 19

Q2 19

Q1 19

 

Q1 2020

Net income (loss)

$

 

23,511

 

$

 

20,809

 

$

 

27,091

 

$

 

4,891

 

$

 

(4,629

)

 

$

 

76,302

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

51,604

 

 

47,750

 

 

45,065

 

 

40,437

 

 

30,096

 

 

 

184,856

 

Interest expense

 

23,870

 

 

23,827

 

 

24,907

 

 

24,098

 

 

21,576

 

 

 

96,702

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

91

 

 

2,236

 

 

(6,975

)

 

(906

)

 

488

 

 

 

(5,554

)

EBITDA

$

 

99,076

 

$

 

94,622

 

$

 

90,088

 

$

 

68,520

 

$

 

47,531

 

 

$

 

352,306

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (gain) loss on sale of real estate, net of withholding taxes

 

(2,096

)

 

 

 

34

 

 

 

 

(2,062

)

Adjustment to reflect share of EBITDAre of partially owned entities

 

60

 

 

 

519

 

 

592

 

 

615

 

 

 

1,171

 

NAREIT EBITDAre

$

 

97,040

 

$

 

94,622

 

$

 

90,607

 

$

 

69,146

 

$

 

48,146

 

 

$

 

351,415

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition, litigation and other expenses

 

1,688

 

 

10,377

 

 

3,780

 

 

17,964

 

 

8,493

 

 

 

33,809

 

Bridge loan commitment fees

 

 

 

 

2,665

 

 

 

 

2,665

 

Loss (income) from investments in partially owned entities

 

27

 

 

 

165

 

 

68

 

 

(122

)

 

 

260

 

Gain from sale of partially owned entities

 

 

 

(4,297

)

 

 

 

 

(4,297

)

Asset impairment

 

 

 

 

930

 

 

12,555

 

 

 

930

 

Loss (gain) on foreign currency exchange

 

492

 

 

(76

)

 

43

 

 

83

 

 

(60

)

 

 

542

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

4,307

 

 

3,699

 

 

3,372

 

 

3,185

 

 

2,639

 

 

 

14,563

 

Loss on debt extinguishment and modifications

 

781

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

781

 

(Gain) loss on real estate and other asset disposals

 

(165

)

 

464

 

 

218

 

 

168

 

 

20

 

 

 

685

 

Reduction in EBITDAre from partially owned entities

 

(60

)

 

 

(519

)

 

(592

)

 

(615

)

 

 

(1,171

)

Core EBITDA

$

 

104,110

 

$

 

109,086

 

$

 

93,369

 

$

 

93,617

 

$

 

71,056

 

 

$

 

400,182

 

(a)

Refer to Acquisition, Litigation and Other summary for further details. The 2018 total excludes the $2.1 million RSU modification charge that is included within the Acquisition, litigation and other financial statement line item, thus amounts do not tie in total.

Revenue and Contribution by Segment

(In thousands - unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

2020

 

2019

Segment revenues:

 

 

 

Warehouse

$

 

381,068

 

 

$

 

289,615

 

Third-party managed

 

64,921

 

 

 

64,136

 

Transportation

 

35,917

 

 

 

37,096

 

Other

 

2,163

 

 

 

2,232

 

Total revenues

 

484,069

 

 

 

393,079

 

 

 

 

 

Segment contribution:

 

 

 

Warehouse

 

126,773

 

 

 

90,819

 

Third-party managed

 

3,769

 

 

 

3,259

 

Transportation

 

4,805

 

 

 

4,356

 

Other

 

55

 

 

 

244

 

Total segment contribution

 

135,402

 

 

 

98,678

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciling items:

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

(51,604

)

 

 

(30,096

)

Selling, general and administrative expense

 

(36,893

)

 

 

(31,117

)

Acquisition, litigation and other

 

(1,688

)

 

 

(8,493

)

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

 

 

(12,555

)

Gain from sale of real estate

 

2,461

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(23,870

)

 

 

(21,576

)

Interest income

 

587

 

 

 

1,003

 

Loss on debt extinguishment and modifications

 

(781

)

 

 

Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain

 

(492

)

 

 

60

 

Other income (expense), net

 

871

 

 

 

(167

)

(Loss) gain from investments in partially owned entities

 

(27

)

 

 

122

 

Income (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit

$

 

23,966

 

 

$

 

(4,141

)

We view and manage our business through three primary business segments—warehouse, third-party managed and transportation. Our core business is our warehouse segment, where we provide temperature-controlled warehouse storage and related handling and other warehouse services. In our warehouse segment, we collect rent and storage fees from customers to store their frozen and perishable food and other products within our real estate portfolio. We also provide our customers with handling and other warehouse services related to the products stored in our buildings that are designed to optimize their movement through the cold chain, such as the placement of food products for storage and preservation, the retrieval of products from storage upon customer request, blast freezing, case-picking, kitting and repackaging and other recurring handling services.

Under our third-party managed segment, we manage warehouses on behalf of third parties and provide warehouse management services to several leading food retailers and manufacturers in customer-owned facilities, including some of our largest and longest-standing customers. We believe using our third-party management services allows our customers to increase efficiency, reduce costs, reduce supply-chain risks and focus on their core businesses. We also believe that providing third-party management services to many of our key customers underscores our ability to offer a complete and integrated suite of services across the cold chain.

In our transportation segment, we broker and manage transportation of frozen and perishable food and other products for our customers. Our transportation services include consolidation services (i.e., consolidating a customer’s products with those of other customers for more efficient shipment), freight under management services (i.e., arranging for and overseeing transportation of customer inventory) and dedicated transportation services, each designed to improve efficiency and reduce transportation and logistics costs to our customers. We provide these transportation services at cost plus a service fee or, in the case of our consolidation services, we charge a fixed fee.

We also operate a limestone quarry on the land we own around our Carthage, Missouri warehouse, which contains substantial limestone deposits. We do not view the operation of the quarry as an integral part of our business.

Notes and Definitions

We calculate funds from operations, or FFO, in accordance with the standards established by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT. NAREIT defines FFO as net income or loss determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, excluding extraordinary items as defined under U.S. GAAP and gains or losses from sales of previously depreciated operating real estate assets, plus specified non-cash items, such as real estate asset depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We believe that FFO is helpful to investors as a supplemental performance measure because it excludes the effect of depreciation, amortization and gains or losses from sales of real estate, all of which are based on historical costs, which implicitly assumes that the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, FFO can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and among other equity REITs.

We calculate core funds from operations, or Core FFO, as FFO adjusted for the effects of gain or loss on the sale of non-real estate assets, non-real estate asset impairment, acquisition, litigation and other expenses, excluding 2018 RSU modification expense, share-based compensation expense, IPO grants, bridge loan commitment fees, loss on debt extinguishment, modifications and termination of derivative instruments, foreign currency exchange gain or loss, gain from sale of partially owned entities, excise tax settlement and Alternative Minimum Tax receivable from TCJA. We believe that Core FFO is helpful to investors as a supplemental performance measure because it excludes the effects of certain items which can create significant earnings volatility, but which do not directly relate to our core business operations. We believe Core FFO can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods, while also providing a more meaningful predictor of future earnings potential.

However, because FFO and Core FFO add back real estate depreciation and amortization and do not capture the level of recurring maintenance capital expenditures necessary to maintain the operating performance of our properties, both of which have material economic impacts on our results from operations, we believe the utility of FFO and Core FFO as a measure of our performance may be limited.

We calculate adjusted funds from operations, or Adjusted FFO, as Core FFO adjusted for the effects of amortization of financing costs, pension withdrawal liability and above or below market leases, straight-line net rent, provision or benefit from deferred income taxes, stock-based compensation expense from grants of stock options and restricted stock units under our equity incentive plans, excluding IPO grants, non-real estate depreciation, depletion or amortization (including in respect of the China JV), and recurring maintenance capital expenditures. We believe that Adjusted FFO is helpful to investors as a meaningful supplemental comparative performance measure of our ability to make incremental capital investments in our business and to assess our ability to fund distribution requirements from our operating activities.

FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO are used by management, investors and industry analysts as supplemental measures of operating performance of equity REITs. FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO should be evaluated along with U.S. GAAP net income and net income per diluted share (the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measures) in evaluating our operating performance. FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO do not represent net income or cash flows from operating activities in accordance with U.S. GAAP and are not indicative of our results of operations or cash flows from operating activities as disclosed in our consolidated statements of operations included in our annual and quarterly reports. FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO should be considered as supplements, but not alternatives, to our net income or cash flows from operating activities as indicators of our operating performance. Moreover, other REITs may not calculate FFO in accordance with the NAREIT definition or may interpret the NAREIT definition differently than we do. Accordingly, our FFO may not be comparable to FFO as calculated by other REITs. In addition, there is no industry definition of Core FFO or Adjusted FFO and, as a result, other REITs may also calculate Core FFO or Adjusted FFO, or other similarly-captioned metrics, in a manner different than we do. The table above reconciles FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO to net income, which is the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

We calculate EBITDA for Real Estate, or EBITDAre, in accordance with the standards established by the Board of Governors of NAREIT, defined as, earnings before interest expense, taxes, depreciation, depletion and amortization, gains or losses on disposition of depreciated property, including gains or losses on change of control, impairment write-downs of depreciated property and of investments in unconsolidated affiliates caused by a decrease in value of depreciated property in the affiliate, and adjustment to reflect share of EBITDAre of unconsolidated affiliates. EBITDAre is a measure commonly used in our industry, and we present EBITDAre to enhance investor understanding of our operating performance. We believe that EBITDAre provides investors and analysts with a measure of operating results unaffected by differences in capital structures, capital investment cycles and useful life of related assets among otherwise comparable companies.

We also calculate our Core EBITDA as EBITDAre further adjusted for impairment charges on intangible and long-lived assets, gain or loss on depreciable real property asset disposals, acquisition, litigation and other expenses, bridge loan commitment fees, loss on debt extinguishment and modifications, share-based compensation expense, foreign currency exchange gain or loss, loss on partially owned entities, gain on sale of partially owned entities, impairment of partially owned entities, and multi-employer pension plan withdrawal expense. We believe that the presentation of Core EBITDA provides a measurement of our operations that is meaningful to investors because it excludes the effects of certain items that are otherwise included in EBITDA but which we do not believe are indicative of our core business operations. EBITDA and Core EBITDA are not measurements of financial performance under U.S. GAAP, and our EBITDA and Core EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. You should not consider our EBITDA and Core EBITDA as alternatives to net income or cash flows from operating activities determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Our calculations of EBITDA and Core EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, including:

  • these measures do not reflect our historical or future cash requirements for recurring maintenance capital expenditures or growth and expansion capital expenditures;
  • these measures do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
  • these measures do not reflect the interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on our indebtedness;
  • these measures do not reflect our tax expense or the cash requirements to pay our taxes; and
  • although depreciation, depletion and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated, depleted and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future and these measures do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements.

We use Core EBITDA and EBITDAre as measures of our operating performance and not as measures of liquidity. The table on page 18 of our financial supplement reconciles EBITDA, EBITDAre and Core EBITDA to net income, which is the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

All quarterly amounts and non-GAAP disclosures within this filing shall be deemed unaudited.

 

Americold Realty Trust
Investor Relations
Telephone: 678-459-1959
Email: investor.relations@americold.com

Source: Americold Realty Trust

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